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Apollonius of Tyana: v. 1, Bks. 1-4 Loeb Classical Library


Apollonius of Tyana: v. 1, Bks. 1-4 Loeb Classical Library

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    Available in PDF Format | Apollonius of Tyana: v. 1, Bks. 1-4 Loeb Classical Library.pdf | English
This biography of a first-century CE holy man has become one of the most widely discussed literary works of later antiquity. With an engaging style, Philostratus portrays a charismatic teacher and religious reformer from Tyana in Cappadocia (modern central Turkey) who travels across the known world, from the Atlantic to the Ganges. His miracles, which include extraordinary cures and mysterious disappearances, together with his apparent triumph over death, caused pagans to make Apollonius a rival to Jesus of Nazareth. In a new two-volume Loeb Classical Library edition of Philostratus's third-century work, Christopher Jones provides a freshly edited Greek text and a stylish translation with full explanatory notes. Apollonius of Tyana is by far the longest biography that survives from antiquity. Jones in his Introduction asks how far it is history and how far fiction, and discusses its survival from Late Antiquity to modern times.

introductory material and maps help chart Apollonius' imaginary journey. He may no longer be worshipped (except in the wackier corners of cyberspace), but nonetheless we can rightly say: Apollonius Lives!This new Loeb edition of Apollonius...fulfills admirably the aims of this series...The introduction, as one would expect from Jones, touches upon all the important features of this rich text and reflects great familiarity with the scholarship in all fields--from history and literature to philosophy and theology--which have been concerned with it.--Owen Hodkinson"Classical Bulletin" (01/01/2006)Jones has produced a superlative edition. Loebs are hard to get right. A good Loeb should (if we are honest) be easily usable as a clandestine crib for the (lazy, hurried, or linguistically challenged) reader who wants to translate the Greek with an eye on the English; at the same time, it should meet exacting standards of scholarship. Jones's is accessible and erudite. His discussion of how he has established his text is fuller and clearer than most, and allows the non-specialist to take some pleasure in the detective work involved in the process; in tracing, for example, Richard Bentley's marginalia preserved in his copy of a previous edition. The text is judicious and the translation stylishly capture's the sophist's rhetorical range. It is based on, but betters, Christopher Jones's abridged translation for Penguin Classics, published in 1970. It is a good read in its own right: no mean feat. Excellent introductory material and maps help chart Apollonius's imaginary journey. He may no longer be worshipped (except in the wackier corners of cyberspace), but nonetheless we can rightly say: Apollonius Lives!--Helen Morales"Times Literary Supplement" (12/23/2005)

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Book details

  • PDF | 430 pages
  • Philostratus(Author)
  • Harvard University Press; Abridged edition edition (10 Jun. 2005)
  • English
  • 4
  • Biography

Review Text

  • By A. Shopper on 17 March 2017

    Apollonius was a Greek philosopher and spiritual teacher from the town of Tyana in the Roman province of Cappadocia (modern Turkey) who lived during the first century of the Christian era. This important biography of his life and teachings was compiled by Philostratus (flourished ca. 200 A.D.) some 100 years after the Sage's death. The many close correspondences between the miraculous birth and life of Apollonius and that of Jesus presented a direct threat to the doctrines of the emerging Christian Church and have been the cause of much controversy which continues to the present day.But this odium theologicum does not and should not distract the judicious reader from the great spiritual and philosophical truths concealed in this remarkable book. Philostratus devotes a considerable portion of his biography to Apollonius' journey to India. Unsurprisingly, most modern scholars dismiss this as a fanciful fabrication, though none of them are able to furnish any actual proof that Philostratus made the story up. What we have are the usual bombastic assertions that Apollonius' travels are inconsistent with the 'known facts' and cannot be verified from contemporary 'sources'. When such sophistic arguments fail, the accusation of 'forgery' is hurled at those like the unfortunate Vidhushekhara Bhattacharya, who dared to suggest in the 1940's that he had found Sanskrit texts in India which verified Philostratus' claims.What the scholars who continue to argue about the verisimilitude of Philostratus' narrative fail to realise is that Apollonius' journey to India is in large part an allegorical account of the several stages and trials of Initiation into the Greek Mysteries. The geographical and topographical information in the book which scholars find so difficult to reconcile with so-called known 'facts' are equally allegorical and symbolical of the hidden life of ancient India and her sacred mysteries; mysteries of which the aforementioned 'scholars' are necessarily completely ignorant. The long discourses of Apollonius with the learned Brāhmans, his visit to the Wise Men of Chaldea and his consultation of the oracle of Amphiaraus are fraught with hidden meaning for those who are prepared to read between the lines of the narrative.It is for this reason, as well as many others, that Apollonius remains as much a riddle as the Sphinx of Egypt to scholars and theologians alike. During the fourth and fifth centuries the Church used every means in its power to erase the very memory of this great and holy man. The circulation of Apollonius' biographies (of which there were many) was ruthlessly prevented; memoirs and letters were destroyed by the thousand, only the diary of Damis, which forms the larger part of Philostratus' biography, survived to tell the tale, and a most instructive, uplifting and inspirational tale it is.A tale that reveals that like Jesus and the Buddha, the Sage of Tyana was the uncompromising enemy of all outward show and piety, all display of useless religious ceremonial, bigotry and hypocrisy. His 'miracles' were more wonderful, varied and far better attested than any of the thaumaturgical feats attributed to Moses or Jesus, as you may discover for yourself in this remarkable biography.

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